While Zika virus has been most prevalent in African nations, South America including Brazil and Mexico in Latin America have also reported a few cases of Zika virus in the recent past. Now, India has joined other Asia Pacific countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, reporting its first three cases of Zika virus, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Two Pregnant Women Among first Zika Cases from India
All the first three Zika Virus cases from India are from the state of Gujarat, and includes two pregnant women. However, the Health Ministry of India has urged the residents not to panic as the contamination has been contained, and bother women delivered healthy babies. The WHO noted these first three Zika cases in India on May 15, detecting it via routine blood surveillance in a hospital in Ahmedabad, the capital city of Gujarat. While the first two cases were reported in February and November 2016, third case came into notice in January this year.
Interestingly, these three patients did not travel abroad, which means the Zika infection was acquired domestically from mosquitoes known as daytime-active Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
Detection of Zika Virus a Tough Task
Owing to the lack of infrastructure in poorer parts of Asia Pacific, which leads to still water that are breading environment for the Zika virus and other mosquitoes, nearly 2.6 billion people are at risk, while foreign travel is another way of gaining infection. Sadly, several Zika cases go unnoticed as the patients do not set sick and the symptoms are very mild even for those who do.