Sour Gas Market to Grow Due to Surge in Cost Effective Methods to Separate Gas

San Francisco, California, November 28, 2018: The rise exploration of oil exploration globally, is one of the essential factors behind the momentous development of the global sour gas market. Sour gas can occur naturally in fields or can be delivered through the procedure of repository souring, in which hydrogen sulfide is expanded or brought in a reservior. As per the report written by the market research firm, titled, “Sour Gas Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Growth and Forecast 2017 – 2025.”
The significant surges in demand for continuous supply of gas in enterprises, various objectives such as power production, are a couple of the drivers that are in charge of the rise in sour gas market.

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Expulsion of acidic gases from sour gas is an exorbitant task, and the size and cost of the detachment depend on the measure of gas that should be separated. In this manner, the gigantic expense related with machines and division process is by all accounts the hindering factor for the growth of sour gas market. Advancement in technology and advancement of cost effective and efficient process regarding acid separation from gas have opened new roads for the market players to contribute.

The sour gas market is geographically divided into Europe, Asia Pacific, North America, and Rest of the world (RoW). Among these, in the North America, Alberta in Canada and the Gulf of Mexico in the U.S., and are the zones with maximum sour gas share. Though, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Colombia are the nations with major share in sour gas in South America. The rate of development of sour gas is high in the Middle East nations like Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iran, and Egypt.

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The key players dominating the sour gas market are: Spectra Energy Corp., Keyera, Petro-Hunt Llc., Pall Corporation, Shell, Bechtel Corporation, the Dow Chemical Company, Newpoint Gas LP, and DCP Midstream Llc.

Sour Gas Market : Evolving Technology, Trends and industry Analysis by 2025

Global Sour Gas Market: Snapshot

The increasing oil exploration activities worldwide are one of the primary factors behind the remarkable growth of the global sour gas market. Sour gas can be naturally occurring in fields or can be produced through the process of reservoir souring, in which hydrogen sulfide is increased or introduced into a reservoir. Natural gas is considered sour gas if it has more than 5.7 milligrams of H2S per cubic meter, which is equivalent to about 4 ppm by volume under standard pressure and temperature. This threshold, however, varies by nation, state, or even organization or application. A case in point is the Texas Railroad Commission, according to which a pipeline is considered sour gas pipeline if it carries gas more than 100 ppm by volume of H2S.

The treatment of sour gas before it is made available for commercial use is of high importance. Occupational exposure to H2S in the sour gas industry remains one of the key unresolved issues. The pungent odor followed by keratoconjunctivitis and olfactory paralysis are the characteristics effects of hydrogen sulfide at lower concentrations. Acute central toxicity induced by H2S leads to a reversible unconsciousness known as a knockdown. Prolonged exposure to H2S can also lead to chronic health problems such as cardiac arrhythmia, neurotoxicity, and chronic eye irritation. In recent times, various studies are going on pertaining to sour gas. However, comprehensive researches in the sour gas industry are difficult due to uncertain end points and hazardous exposures. Advancements in technology are expected to pave way for sophisticated processes to treat sour gas, which is likely to act as a light at the end of the tunnel for players in the market.

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Sour Gas Market: Summary

Sour gas constitute about 40% of the world’s natural gas reserves. In some reserves, acid gas composition is very high, thus, such high sour gas concentration needs to be treated before selling it into the market. Hence, more sour gas facilities are required with better capacity and efficiency.

Sour gas contains a considerable amount of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and if the amount of H2S is more than 5.5 mg per cubic meter of natural gas, it is considered as sour gas. The process in chemical plants or refineries in which hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is removed from the gas is called sweetening process. Sweetening results in the recovery of hydrogen sulfide or bringing its quantity to an acceptable range. The odor of the processed gas is improved by removing hydrogen sulfide (H2S), which smells like a rotten egg. The sour gas market is driven by the economic value of the gas, and the process used during the production. Some of the problems faced during sour gas treatment include failure to meet hydrogen sulfide (H2S) specification for sales, solution forming in regenerator, corrosion in pipes and vessels, solvent losses, etc. Sour gas is colorless and highly flammable gas, and is poisonous for animals and humans.

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Sour Gas Market: Comprehensive Overview

The exponentially rising demand for uninterrupted supply of gas for industries, power generation and other purposes, are a few of the factors that are responsible for the growth of the sour gas market. Removal of acidic gases from sour gas is a costly operation, and the size and cost of the separation depend upon the amount of gas that needs to be separated. Thus, the huge cost associated with equipment and separation process seems to be the major constraint for the sour gas market. Technological advancements and development of efficient and cost effective processes for the separation of acids from gas have opened new avenues for the market players to invest.

Sour Gas Market: Segment Analysis

The sour gas market can be divided on the basis of process: amine gas treatment and selexol process. Amine gas treatment also known as gas sweetening process includes a group of processes that use various aqueous solutions of different alkylamines to remove CO2 and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from the sour gas. This process is widely used in refineries for the separation at the commercial level, along with natural gas processing plants and petrochemical plants. Amines used in the process are diethanolamine (DEA), diisopropanolamine (DIPA), monoethanolamine (MEA) and methyldiethanolamine (MDEA).

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Selexol as a solvent separates hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from the sour gas. The selexol process makes sour gas more suitable and stable for the combustion and further process. During the process, selexol solvent extracts the acid from the feed gas at a relatively high pressure, ranging from 2.07 to 13.8 MPa, and can be used for recovering hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide separately.

Sour Gas Market: Regional Overview

The sour gas market can be geographically divided into North America, Asia Pacific, Europe and Rest of the world (RoW). In the North American region, the Gulf of Mexico in the U.S., and Alberta in Canada are the areas with major sour gas reserves. Whereas, Venezuela, Ecuador and Colombia are the countries with major sour gas reserves in South America. The rate of production of sour gas is high in the Middle East countries like Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Egypt and Iran.  

Sour Gas Market: Key Market Players

Some of the key players of the sour gas market are: Keyera, Spectra Energy Corp., Petro-Hunt Llc., Shell, Pall Corporation, Bechtel Corporation, Newpoint Gas LP, the Dow Chemical Company, and DCP Midstream Llc.

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Sour Gas Production Dominated by Middle East

San Francisco, California, July 25, 2017: TMR Research announces a new report on the global sour gas market. The report profiles the historical trajectory of the global sour gas market in detail in order to derive useful patterns regarding the behavior of the sour gas market. The present figures of the sour gas market are examined in detail in the report, based on which analysts have provided solid projections regarding the direction the sour gas market is likely to take in the coming years. The segmentation of the global sour gas market is also studied in detail in the report, providing readers with an accurate idea of the dynamics of the market. The report is titled ‘Sour Gas Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Growth and Forecast 2017 – 2025.’

Sour gas is natural gas containing significant quantities of hydrogen sulfide. Numerous natural gas reserves contain sour gas, as hydrogen sulfide is readily formed in conditions where natural gas is found. There are differing definitions regarding the amount of hydrogen sulfide that defines a reservoir of natural gas as sour gas, but the presence of hydrogen sulfide remains the distinguishing factor for identifying a sour gas reservoir. Hydrogen sulfide has to be removed from sour gas before it can be used in conventional applications, making its usage more complicated than regular natural gas. However, the global sour gas market has been an important part of the global oil and gas sector due to its widespread presence and is likely to remain a commercially relevant part of the industry in the coming years as well.

The rising demand for natural gas in industrial institutions is the key driver for the global sour gas market. While alternative energy sources have gained strength in the last few years, natural gas resources such as sour gas have remained integral to the global power sector.

The high costs of removing hydrogen sulfide from natural gas are a key restraint on the global sour gas market. Due to the corrosive and toxic nature of hydrogen sulfide, great care has to be taken in its removal to ensure the wellbeing of human workers and to avoid damage to the mechanical equipment. Nevertheless, the growing demand for fossil fuels from a variety of end use sectors is likely to compensate for the skewed pricing dynamics of the sour gas market and enable steady growth of the latter.

The Middle East and South America are some of the leading sour gas producing regions in the world. Countries such as Venezuela and Colombia are likely to lead the South America market for sour gas in the coming years, while the Middle East sour gas market is dominated by Saudi Arabia, Iran, Syria, and Iraq.

Key players in the global sour gas market include Spectra Energy Corp., Keyera, the Dow Chemical Company, Shell, Newpoint Gas LP, DCP Midstream LLC, and Pall Corporation.