Bacteria Can Help Plants Develop Own Fertilizer by Fixing Nitrogen

The zest of agricultural organizations has always been to increment yield out of the limited arable land. This has led to the usage of fertilizers, which may serve the purpose of protecting crops and substantially increasing production, its environmental implications are something that needs to be addressed. It must be noted that the creation of fertilizers is an energy sensitive process and causes emission of greenhouse gases, which is radically changing the environment.

Now, researchers from the Washington University have developed a bacteria that utilizes the concept of photosynthesis for the creation of oxygen both during the day and night. The bacteria uses nitrogen to develop chlorophyll for the process of photosynthesis and may turn into enabling plants to follow the suit, which in turn will eliminate the requirement of some or all human-made fertilizers.

This concept of plants producing their own fertilizers is expected to have phenomenal effect on both the agricultural industry as well as the health of our planet. When commercialized, farmers will be able to away with the requirement of spreading fertilizers, which often get washed away with rain water and winds as well as blocks sunlight. On the other hand, nitrogen is most abundant gas in our atmosphere and hence, this process of fixing nitrogen can be a huge step.

The researchers have found that although plants are unable to fix nitrogen on their own, the subset of cyanobacteria is capable of achieving this. The next step for the researchers is to explore deeper into the findings and may be pin point the exact subset of genes that is essential for nitrogen fixation.

3D Modeling to pave way for Innovations in PDC Drill Bits Design

San Francisco, California, July 18, 2018 – The drive for polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) drill bits stems from the substantial demand for high-performing drill strings to optimize the operations of oil and gas wells and reduce the overall production cost. The pressing need for sustaining the profitability of oil and gas explorations and productions across the globe is a key factor driving the demand for PDC drill bits. The growth of the market is catalyzed by the rapid, noticeable advances being made in dill strings technologies where bits occupy a crucial role.

A report by TMR Research titled “PDC Drill Bits Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017–2025”, drills into such factors and key trends shaping the current outlook and influencing the future dynamics of the market from 2018 to 2025.

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Constant efforts by manufacturers to bring innovations in drill bits design in developing and developed regions is a robust underpinning to the constant strides the PDC drill bits market is taking over the assessment period. For instance, they are aiming at vast improvisations in cutting structure of PDC bit design. Moreover, the search for high-impact materials to be used in drill bits is a compelling proposition fueling the market growth.

Advancement in manufacturing technology such as 3D modeling is supporting the design of high-performing PDC drill bits. The growing adoption of computer-aided design (CAD)-based tools is a case in point. The growing application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) by manufacturers will also pave way for the development of innovative products in the market.

Several prominent players are aiming to enter into tie-ups or are making mergers and acquisitions to bolster their capabilities and augment their total production. They are focused on reducing total cost of ownership (TCO) by opting for the strategy to gain a better hold over the PDC drill bits market.

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Some of the key players operating in the drill bits market are Schlumberger Limited, Baker Hughes, and Halliburton Company.