The field of genetics is an expansive domain that covers a wide range of biological subjects. Study of gene mutations has taken a fresh course over the past decade. Every day, we hear of a new research on egentic mutation. Researchers at Gladstone Institutes found that gene mutations, perhaps, is responsible for heart diseases. The researchers believe that mild genetic mutations could act together to culminate into disease-causing agents. Researchers assert this after several analytic studies over a period of time. As a result, it has opened new avenues to study the causes of heart diseases in neonates.
Studying Genetic Mutations
The rising incidence of congenital heart disease in new-borns is a matter of concern for the medical fraternity. Consequently, infants with this disease have to undergo surgeries or even heart transplants. Until now, the exact reason behind congenital heart disease at birth was unknown. Several scientists have previously pointed to the potential of genetic mutations in causing such diseases. However, the type of genes involved has remained largely unknown. Research at Gladstone reveals that three genetic mutations inherited by kids work together to cause heart diseases. Further, the research also explains occurrence of the same heart disease in children of one family.
Advancements in the field of genome editing have played a vital role in the success of the research. Several researchers are expected to take the research at Gladstone as the cornerstone for future developments.
If Ka-Ching wasn’t already driving urban populations to extract maximum out of themselves, smartphones and social media have only added to the busyness. As a result, sleeplessness issues are escalating. Now, researchers have detected that lack of sleep only feeds to the chances of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, especially among those with weaker hearts.
Six Hours of Sleep is Bare Minimum
According to Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, the lead researcher of the study, says that less than six hours of sleep nearly doubles the odds of dying from heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Termed as metabolic syndrome, sleepless nights lead to high blood pressure, increase blood sugar levels, escalates obesity, and increments levels of LDL, which in other words is bad-cholesterol.
Effective Insomnia Treatments Available
The researchers have concluded that from lifestyle and behavioral point of view, lack of sleep leads to poorer diet and may progress to premature death for a body with high blood pressure and fluctuating sugar levels. However, an easy fix to this problem is improving the duration as well as the quality of sleep. Effective pharmacological approaches are available to treat sleep disorders such as insomnia, short sleep, and sleep apena. That being said, awareness regarding insomnia treatment is minimal.
1,300 men and women were randomly selected by the study with an average age of 49 years, who spent one night at the sleep laboratory. As many as 39 percent exhibited at least one out of three rick factors related to metabolic syndrome. However, Dr. Steven Feinsilver, who is the director of sleep medicine at Lenox Hill Hospital in NYC, counters that merely one night at a new place, that too a laboratory, does not reveal much about how well someone usually sleeps.