AI to find use to Improve Performance of Fuel Cells

In a new development, AI may find use to explore possible designs for the microstructure of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells. This may help prevent researchers run 3-D simulations to make changes for improved performance.

The improvements in fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries using AI could help smartphones charge faster, increase the power of hydrogen fuel cells that run data centers, and increase the time interval between charging electric vehicles.

The findings of the study is published in npj Computational Materials.

AI to help Examine Microstructure of Fuel Cells

Meanwhile, fuel cells use renewable hydrogen fuel, which is generated using solar and wind energy, to generate heat and electricity. And, lithium-ion batteries used in laptops, smartphones, and electric cars are a popular form of energy storage. The performance of fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries is significantly related to their microstructure. This is closely related to how pores inside the electrodes are shaped and the arrangement can affect power that fuel cells generate, and how quickly charging and discharging of battery happens.

Nonetheless, due to extremely small size of micrometer-scale pores, their specific sizes and shapes can be difficult to examine at resolution high enough to relate them to overall cell performance.

To present a solution to this, researchers at Imperial have machine learning techniques. This helps them to explore the pores virtually and perform 3-D simulations to foretell cell performance based on their microstructure.

For this, the researchers employed a novel machine learning technique “deep convolutional generative adversarial networks. The algorithms of this novel machine learning technique gains insights to generate 3-D image data of the microstructure. And, the image generated using algorithms of novel machine learning technique are based on training data of synchrotrons obtained from nano-scale imaging.

Government Incentives and Policies to Bolster Market Growth

San Francisco, California, December 22, 2017 – The international market for fuel cells is analyzed to witness vast growth opportunities in the years to come, as per a publication by TMR Research. The report by the market research company, bearing the title “Fuel cells market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Growth, and Forecast 2017 – 2025,” sheds light on how the growing demand for cleaner sources of fuel is essentially bolstering the market. Notwithstanding that, thorough innovative work is being relied upon to accelerate the progress and augment the market capacity in such a way that various market vendors can benefit in an unprecedented way.

Fuel cells come with the basic job of providing backup power for a specific period of time or just as long as fuel is provided. Hence, they are widely being used in various unmoving applications like CHP, backup power systems, in the transportation sector, and movable applications like consumer electronics. Although the utilization of fuel cells for the industry of transportation is estimated to be limited, current research and development work is predicted to provide efficient and improved systems of fuel cells in motor vehicles, and hence fuelling the progress of the segment.

The rise of the world fuel cells market is also due to the urgent requirement of cleaner sources of fuel, increasing pollution, and diminishing source of conventional energy. Researchers hope that the market would also be led by the burgeoning demand for stringent measures to curb carbon emissions and electricity. The unmanageable rise in human population coupled with over dependence of the human race on various fossil fuels are anticipated to trigger market growth for fuel cells. The report also mentions that soaring greenhouse emissions and temperatures are also likely to be the reasons for the future adoption of fuels cells.

The changing perceptions of various governments are anticipated to provide a positive effect on the progress of the world market for fuel cells. For example, Canadian government has made a commitment to back technologies that would be in the best interest of the environment and climate. The government is also willing to offer jobs which will promote greener and cleaner output. In line with this emotion, the said government has come up with its plans to make an investment of around US$10 mn in Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation (AFCC) as non-repayable contribution.

The market for fuel cells market has been regionally classified into Rest of the World, Asia Pacific, North America, and Europe. The report forecasts that Japan would rule the international market for fuel cells following an increase in the requirement for combined heat systems and power in the island nation. The emergence of various hydrogen power plants at various parts of Asia Pacific is foreseen to fuel the need for fuel cells.

North America is also estimated to be a significant contributor of the market due to its technological advancements together with regulatory measures supporting fuel cells by the government.

Europe and rest of the world have been forecasted to contribute towards the market for fuel cells owing to increasing awareness about the benefits of cleaner fuels and harmful effects of fossil fuels. Furthermore, governments are also making every effort to back measures to augment the usage of fuel cells.

Some of the topnotch vendors of international fuel cells market are Doosan Fuel Cell America, Inc, Hydrogenics Corporation, AFC Energy PLC,., Plug Power, Inc., Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology B.V, Panasonic Corporation, SFC Energy AG, Ballard Power Systems Inc., Toshiba Corporation, and FuelCell Energy, Inc.

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