The emergence of small-scale poultry farming in emerging economies has been a matter of discussion in recent times. Although poultry farming has emerged as a means of income and sustenance for a large group of masses in the rural areas of developing nations, it also has a biological deadlock associated with it. A research conducted at the University of Michigan University finds that small-scale poultry farming could have an adverse impact on antibiotic resistance. The researchers followed an exhaustive approach to analyse antibiotic-bacteria populations in backyard chickens, broiler chickens from farms, and chickens in the North-western Ecuador. It was found that all of these chicken populations have low resistance levels for antibiotics.
Analysing Antibiotic Resistance
It was found by the researchers that a particular gene was responsible for antibiotic resistance, and this gene was found in broiler chickens as well as backyard chickens. Cefotaxime is a third generation antibiotic that was studied by the researchers and the former was found to have low resistance. Resistance to cefotxime is extremely rare in humans, and hence, it can be asserted that the aforementioned gene comes from broiler chickens. The researchers made deliberate visits to several rural communities while conducting their research.
The results of the researchers are projected to bring about key changes in the dynamics of poultry farming in the rural areas. If the research has to be taken up at national levels, the government could stipulate regulations with regards to poultry farming over the years to come.