A recent research has found avenues for developing solar products that can replace fossil fuels. Researchers from Uppsala University propose a solar product made from carbon dioxide, water, and solar energy. The new product can help minimize use of solar cells for renewable energy production. Furthermore, the research entails successful production of butanol with solar energy, carbon dioxide, and microorganisms. Energy & Environmental Science journal published the findings of this energy-based research.
The researchers used cyanobacteria, a peculiar class of microorganisms, for producing butanol. Systematic use of these bacteria helped produce continually increasing quantities of butanol. The use of high-breed cyanobacteria helps produce larger quantities of butanol than what scientists generally perceive. The researchers said the quantity of production rises when they fed the bacteria with sugar.
Industrial Applications of Cyanobacteria
The applications of cyanobacteria modification span across several industries. Such modifications can help produce various chemicals in synthetic biology. Furthermore, cyanobacteria, solar energy, and carbon dioxide can initiate genetic changes in synthetic biology. Strategic removal of certain elements from cyanobacteria helps in increasing volume of butanol production. This is a key consideration for industries that use butanol for increasing product efficiency.
The automotive industry has emerged as a robust consumer of butanol. The industry is using butanol as a green fuel for vehicles. Furthermore, rubber tyre manufacturers can use this class of alcohol as an environmentally friendly component. In either of the cases, fossil fuels are being replaced by carbon-neutral products manufactured from CO2, water, and solar energy.
Reducing Carbon Emissions through Microorganisms
Cyanobacteria is a promising means to reduce carbon emissions across major industries. On the other hand, this class of microorganisms can help limit carbon emission binding CO2.
Further, scientists suggest that research on microscopic cyanobacteria may open new possibilities for the energy sector.