Meningococcal disease is caused by Neisseria meningitides, a gram-negative bacterium, and the majority of infections are caused by six serogroups out of many. The disease is mainly prevalent in infants, adolescents, and people suffering with risk of asplenia. The growing morbidity and mortality of meningococcal disease among vast populations has made it a global concern.
The incidence of invasive meningococcal disease varies with age, time, and geographic locations and can have endemic as well as epidemic affects. Usually triggered by environmental or immunogenic factors, the disease is best prevented by vaccinations. In recent years, the effective implementation of several targeted vaccination programs through massive campaigns in various countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa, has significantly reduced the burden of meningococcal disease. Technological advances in vaccinology has further improved their efficacy leading to key public health accomplishments.
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Expanding at a CAGR of 12.40% during the period 2014–2022, the market for meningococcal vaccines is expected to reach a value of USD 4,450.4 million by 2022.
Routine Vaccination Programs to Boost the Commercial Success for Meningococcal Vaccines Market
The meningococcal disease is triggered mainly due to environmental factors and low immunity. The effect and the rise in the incidence is totally dependent on the age, geographical location, and time. These factors can have either subtle or adverse effects on the patients accordingly. Increased prevalence of disease and rising awareness about its prevention through vaccinations are one of the major driving factors for the growth in the market. Moreover, various organizations all over the world are also taking initiatives by conducting vaccinations and disease awareness drives, for example fundraising events, and summits to educate the masses about the disease and ways to prevent it. These awareness measures will also propel the usage of meningococcal vaccines that in turn will boost the market growth.
Advent of advanced serotype B vaccinations from huge worldwide drug makers, for example, Novartis and Pfizer, are acting as the major driving force behind the meningococcal vaccines. The mandate of vaccination programs across the globe has immensely benefited the global market in recent times. Increment in subsidizing from the legislature of compulsory vaccinations during childbirth will likewise lessen expensive and unaffordable costs of patients and rise in moderate access to meningitis vaccines. The disease is common among people suffering from asplenia, infants, and adolescents, with a rising mortality and morbidity rate. So, because of this high occurrence of meningococcal infection every year, it is probably going to empower utilization of the vaccine. Even the government is also coming up with various educative and awareness program for school children.
Cost Wars and Increasing Financial Austerity Hampers the Meningococcal Vaccines Market
The prime hindrances of the market incorporate cost wars for the vaccines from similar kind of drug makers that may wipe out a more noteworthy client base and diminish general scope of customers. Although the polysaccharide vaccines were the initial ones to be used in treating the disease, but its usage declined due to its low immunity in infants, the inability to produce proper immunologic memory response, and being over-responsive in case of repeated doses. The other hindrance incorporates expanding money related severity in the European countries, which is expected to hamper the R&D base for the antibodies. Further, serotype mismatch and no proper coverage over nations is probably going to contrarily influence the demand for the vaccines. Moreover, due to late evaluation of the disease on regular basis because of low cost-effectiveness may adversely affect the market for meningococcal vaccines over the long haul in the developing countries.