In a recent graphene flagship project, researchers studied the impact of graphene and related material on human health and the environment. The commercialization of graphene is at its high, understanding its safety through research is highly important. With this, safety by design becomes an integral part of innovation.
Graphene Interaction with a Wide Range of Organs and Organism to be simplified
Currently, companies and researchers use graphene oxide, layered graphene, and heterostructures. Therefore, to understand graphene toxicology it needs to be fully characterized by overviewing production and characterization methods of new materials. The biological impact is also examined, as it depends on inherent properties.
As the family of materials has varying properties, there are different biological effects. Therefore, it is important to understand standardized in vitro or in vivo assays for the safety assessment rather than just getting an organized analysis of well- defined graphene-based materials. Bengt Fadeel who is the lead author of a working paper at Graphene Flagship partner at Karolinska Institutet gave this description.
This review is similar to the physic-chemical characteristics of graphene and related materials to biological effects. Moreover, a classification based on a number of layers, lateral dimensions, and carbon-to-oxygen ratio helps in describing the limits that can alter graphene’s toxicology. This will help in analyzing future development and ways to use these materials, enlightens Alberto Bianco, who is working with CNRS, partner with Graphene Flagship.
The paper gives complete insights into graphene’s impact on health and the environment. It focuses on the potential interactions between graphene-based materials and key target organs. It included the immune system, lungs, skin, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal system, and reproductive system. Organisms including plants, algae, bacteria, vertebrates, and invertebrates in various ecosystems can also be analyzed.