The energy created by natural reactions of microorganisms in the soil can be captured and used, say engineers at the University of Bath. A team of electrical and chemical engineers demonstrated the potential of inexpensive, simple soil microbial fuel cells; the one that are buried in the Earth to provide energy to an electrochemical reactor used for water purification.
Meanwhile, the proof-of-concept (PoC) design of soil microbial fuel cells demonstrated at the time of field testing in North-East Brazil in 2019. The PoC demonstrated that soil microbial fuel cells can purify approx. three liters of water each day to fulfill an individual’s every day water needs.
The testing of soil microbial fuel cells carried out at a fishing village located in a semi-arid location. At this location, the main source of drinking water is rainwater and access to a reliable power source is scarce. In fact, to make it drinkable, rain water needs to be chlorinated; chlorination not only causes bad taste and odor, and uncontrolled chlorination is dangerous to human health.
Metabolic activity of Soil microorganisms produces energy
Soil microbial fuel cells produce energy from the metabolic action of specific microorganisms that are naturally present in soil. These microorganisms are able to transfer electrons outside the cells.
Structurally, the system comprises two carbon-based electrodes positioned apart at a fixed distance and connected to an external circuit. The anode, one electrode are buried inside the soil, on the other hand, the cathode is exposed on the soil surface.
In the apparatus, microorganisms of the soil populate the surface of the anode. And, as these microorganism feed on organic compound present in the soil, they generate electrons. The electrons are transferred to the anode and traverse to the cathode via the external circuit, producing electricity.
Vendors operating in the global pack conveyors market are estimated to gather prominent sales opportunities from all across the globe. One of the key reasons driving market demand is increased inclination among major industrial sectors toward automation of their production processes.
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Depending on conveyor type, there are five products available in the market for pack conveyors, namely, belt conveyors, slat conveyors, accumulation conveyors, roller conveyors, and LBP conveyors. Increased use of pack conveyors in a wide range of end-use industries including healthcare, food and beverages, aerospace, and automotive is promoting the growth of the global pack conveyors market.
End-Use Industries Increase Demand for Pack Conveyors Due to Their Ease of Operation
Pack conveyors are gaining traction across various industries owing to plethora of advantages they offer. These systems are ready to use within zero time. At the same time, the products from the market for pack conveyors are resistant, can bear heavy load of products, and have simple operation process. These equipment have low consumption motors. As a result, the maintenance procedure of these equipment is hassle-free. Owing to all these advantages, there is noteworthy increase in the use of pack conveyors. This factor is resulting in promising growth of the global pack conveyors market.
Asia Pacific: Lucrative Region for Growth of Pack Conveyors Market
The global pack conveyors market is estimated to witness upward curve of sales in the forthcoming years. One of the key factors stimulating demand avenues in market for pack conveyors in this region is substantial growth in production activities together with expansion of the various industries. This aside, presence of emerging economies including India and China is likely to boost the rapid growth of the Asia Pacific pack conveyors market in the years ahead.
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Laboratory (lab) shakers are extensively used in microbiology and range of life sciences processes. The strides in the lab shakers market have been underpinned by the rising volumes of research in life sciences. One key trend that is bellwether of growth in the lab shaker market is the growing number of drug solubility studies. Drug making companies are harnessing the benefits of performance advancements in lab shakers to ensure reproducibility of results in drug making chemistries.
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Automation a Key Trend
Rise in drug making activities by life sciences companies and by contract research organizations are key to expanding use of lab shakers. The trend of using automated mixing lab equipment has carved out new avenues for stakeholders in the lab shaker market. Further, a great deal of drug making is bolstered and fueled by the growing incidence of chronic diseases.
Pharma companies are investing in research that involves the substantial use of automated lab mixing equipment along with lab shakers. This has spurred the demand for lab shakers. Technological advances in lab shakers also come from the need for automating the process to meet large-volume demand.
Rise in Yeast and Bacterial Cultures in Developing World Boosting Demand
A growing body of research in life sciences around the world has been adopting lab shakers in making chemical extractions, such as for yeast and bacterial cultures. The rising use of these in healthcare diagnostics has also boosted the prospects in the market. A new avenue has come from the demand for high-end lab shakers for making DNA extractions more effective.
Rise in demand for orbital lab shakers in microbiology has also added a significant share to revenue generation for key companies offering state-of-the art equipment. The presence of several players competing against one another has rendered the competitive dynamics more fragmented. Numerous top players are leaning on versatile solutions to meet the requirements in microbiology.
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The global meningococcal vaccine market is projected to experience prodigious sales opportunities in the years ahead. One of the key reasons attributed to this growth is increased initiatives by the government bodies as well as non-government organizations to prevent the spread of meningococcal disease. Major countries all across the globe are focused on introduction and implementation of large-scale immunization drives. This factor is pushing the meningococcal vaccine market growth.
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Meningococcal disease refers to an transmittable infection type. Generally, this disease is transmitted when an individual comes in close contact with infected patient. Rashes, fever, and headache are some of the major symptoms of meningococcal disease. While an individual of any age group can get affected with this disease, its prevention is possible by vaccination. Thus, increased cases of meningococcal disease are likely to drive expansion opportunities in the global meningococcal vaccine market.
In recent years, there is noteworthy growth in awareness about the meningococcal disease as well as vaccines available for this disease. These factors are generating promising development avenues in the meningococcal vaccine market. Based on vaccine serotype, there are four products available in the meningococcal vaccine market, namely, MenAC, MenB & Manic, MenA, MenC, and MenACWY.
Industry Leaders Focus on Research and Development Activities
The nature of the global meningococcal vaccine market is extremely consolidated. Presence of well-established players makes the competitive landscape of this market fierce. As a result, companies working in this market are using various organic and inorganic strategies to maintain their leading market position.
One of the important strategies employed by major manufacturers in the meningococcal vaccine market is heavy investment in research and development activities. This tactic is helping vendors to improve the quality of products they offer. Thus, growth in research and development activities is expected to boost the growth of the global meningococcal vaccine market in the forthcoming years.
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